Planting is done in the months of April and May, that date is conditioned by the rotations typical Valencian garden. In preparing the ground work is done for it fluffy, very loose and well level. Planting is done mechanically on ridges at a height of about 20 centimeters and 60 centimeters apart from each other. The planting depth is 4 to 5 cm, planting density is high, requiring 10 to 12 kg of groundnut by hanegadas.
Fertilization is virtually zero because it leverages the distributed manure crop preceding groundnut in the rotation.
Yellow nutsedge has a uneven seedling emergence, competing poorly with weeds, so farmers do more weeding throughout the culture, they are done manually or mechanically, using the latter’s “entauladora,” when the goal is ridging , is used openers. It is common to use herbicides in this crop.
Harvesting usually takes place between mid-November and mid December, when the plant is completely parched and dry.After the collection of tubers proceed tothe elimination of the air through incineration plant controlled to eliminate unburned plant debris is carried a stage..
Once the harvest was done manually, heading farmland on a rotating hopper fitted with a sieve. Currently the collection is mechanized through sieve pickup, pulled by a tractor and is coupled to the PTO itself.
After the collection was the washing of groundnuts in the process lost the roots, clean your skin and remove the tubers “failed”, the washing is done currently in industrial laundries. The yield varies between 12,000 and 24,000 kilograms of tubers per hectare (heavy after washing).
The sale of groundnut can be performed immediately after washing or after the drying process, for which there is a weight loss of about 35-40%. To obtain a quality product, the drying process should be as slow as possible, usually lasting three months, this will extend the tubers in layers of 10 to 20 inches thick in the “Cambra” – purpose-built premises for this purpose -, the tubers are removed twice a day to prevent fungal diseases and get a good drying.